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PARC

PARC (Palo Alto Research Center, Inc.) is a research and development company founded in 1970 by Xerox. Xerox spun off PARC as its own company in 2002. PARC is still wholly owned by Xerox.

PARC is perhaps most famous for what has been invented there. Ethernet, Laser Printing, the GUI (Graphical User Interface), the mouse, Object Oriented Programming, and WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) text editors are some of the most famous products of the PARC facility.

Even though Xerox invented quite a few of the aspects of modern computers, many claim it failed to capitalize on many of them. One example is GUI that Apple eventually successfully commercialized with the Apple Macintosh. However, computer research was just a small part of PARC’s research duties.

PARC continues to conduct relevant research and was instrumental in developing IPv6 and some recent computer programming advances.

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